Using our letters SH and N we can add vowel marks
First the short vowels.
The first is an accent mark - a short slanting line over the letter . It is called fatha so this word reads shn with the accent on the sh . It is also used as an aae vowel for example like the a in cAt or mAt
Of course it is shin -part of the leg.
Full marks if you got it as shUn as in sUgar .
There is tendency to leave out the short vowels. So when you see
you may have to read it as shin
or as shUn depending on the context.
Aa is a straight vertical line which is not joined to the letter that follows it. For example this is shAAn
That word was shOOn
The u (damma) and little i ( kasra) mark may be a little distance from the O as in the figure below which still reads as shOOn.
The next word has the long EE . EE is made by putting a kasra mark next to two dots borrowed from the y letter
It is shEEn
The little i and u marks may be left out altogether so if yous see shOn it may read as shOOn
So the above word reads as shAWn
The AI sound as in mIne is made by putting a sukuun over two dots . One way of writing shIne as in the sun shines
Another use of the open circle sukkun mark is to make an abrupt stop. For example in the word for mother -spelt as mdr in Arabic , we would put sukuun marks over m , d and r to show that these are abrupt m , d and r and do not have a modifying vowel -ie they are not mi or du etc.
The answer was SHE as in she wants to talk.
The next set are B (and P) , T and TH as in THink.
Now the four forms of J, H and K . Note it is quite easy to guess these forms.
S , SH , D and DH
Below are Aine (A) and G
Now follow F , Q, K, L ,M , N , H , Y ( and EE). Note a compound letter LA formed by L and A
Below are the vowel marks . The nn, in and un marks are often put at the end of the word.
Lesson 3..Learn Arabic Online..Home