Learn to Read Arabic

Lesson 3

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The following two figures marked 'Arabic Script' may seem a bit confusing but do contain almost all the letters in the Arabic alphabet. Dont worry too much if you find it difficult at first . Print the figure out and keep it at your side as you read the next few lines. Line 1 has letters which do not join to the letter coming after them and so do not change their shape. These letters are A , D, THE , R , Z , soft T, Z and V ( and O).

T' and Z do join the letter coming after and before then but do not change their shape.

The second line marked 2 has B , T and TH as in THink. Note carefully the inital , medial amd final form of these letters . Only T is shown , the others are similar except of course B has a dot at the bottom and TH has three dots above.

Line 3 has on your right J , H and KH and the forms of one of these. Next is S and SH. Check on SH from the previous lesson . S forms are shown here.

The next has the long S as in hiSS and DH . The following line has A and G. Note A would have the initial , medial and final forms of G but no dot on top. Then follows F, Q, K ,L, M ,N , H and Y .

Then comes Y with its two dots . If the slanting line is added to the two dots it becomes a long EE as you should see in the last line . After Y is a compound letter LA made of L and A . On the last line are vowel marks.

The above figure has a bit of space. If you convert this into a bitmap file you will be able to use the space to make your own words.

Now see if you can read the next figure by looking at the previous 'Arabic Script ' figure and seeing if you can decipher what the words are -hint- think religion.

Here are the answers .

How the words Massiah ( Christ) and Muhammad are made is shown again at the bottom.

Some notes . The first line in the figure below has three ways of writing Allah -God . The first form has A with an accent mark for ugh , Then a L doubled with the tashdid mark. An accent mark on top and then a small vertical line to signify an even longer emphasis on L , and then a final A. As accent marks can clutter , the next form is shown without them. the third form has the compound letter LA used.

The first line also has the word Muslim . The second line has Quran , Muhammad and Masiih (Christ) . Note the small open circle above R , it is called a sukuun and is often put over the second letter when it is a constant (here R) following another constant (here Q) . . R is followed by a long AA and then N . The next line shows how the word Muhammad was made up. Note an accent mark over the second M , in addition to teh doubler. Often these accent marks are left out.

The final line shows how the word for Christ is made up . Note another sukuun (again often left out ) because here constant H follows another constant S.

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