In Urdu the article THE is usually omitted and the verb is written last eg
The river is deep is written as Nadi gaheri hae ( River deep is ) . Grammaticaly for empahis in dramatic situations sometimes it would not be wrong to put the verb first eg . This is .... John - Yeh hae ...John!
If however you use it too many times you will start getting strange looks. .
Most inaminate objects have masculine or feminine forms . It would be tedious to have to learn them all. In general the bigger heavier object is male for eg Rivers are feminine while the Ocean is masculine. For masculine terms the word ends in an AA sound while for feminine it is ee. - eg
Nadi gaherEE hae
Samundar (ocean) gaherAA hae.
These Urdu lessons are available on a floppy disc with all the images and a book - Learn to read Urdu for $25 inclusive of air postage . Send a cheque for this amount to ukindia box 346 Nottingham UK . You may also download them from this site.
apple-seb, orange-malta, peach-ardo(o),mango-aam, strawberry -strawberry, banana-kela, pomigrenate-anar, pineapple-annanas,cherries-cherries, watermelon-tarbooz
The answers to the above are
figs-anjeer, lychee-lychee, custard apple-sherifa, dates-kjhoor, coconut-nariyal, jambolana-jamun, lady finger-bhindyan', peas-matar
The above read radish-mooli, tinde-tinde, aubergine-baengan,beans-phliyan', coriander-dhaniya, capsicum-shimlamirch, cucumber-kheera, pumpkin-kaddu hlwah, p(o)tato-aloo
In the final figure above we have courgette-tori, gourd-kaddu, fenugreek-methi, tomato-tmatr, sugar-shakar, onion-pyaz, spinach-paluk, cabbage -bandghobi, bitter gourd-krela, garlic-luhsan, carrot-gajar.