They are another form of A which we shall from now mark as little a to distinguish from Aliph.
Long EE also used as Y as we shall see.
Then is the letter H and finally L.
a is pronounce as AEN ( as in mAn) . The next is the letter Y . Because it has two dots at the bottom it can easily be confused with the vowel mark ae .Third is the long Ae . Next on the left are the two useful consonants H and L .
These are the four forms of each letter .
Note that the medial form of a has a closed loop on top.Note L initial or medial can be confused with alif and the L final with the undotted N. If we look at the letters above we can form some new words with these and the previous letters. Try and read the words below . Each line is a mxture of English and urdu words. The answers come afterwards. There are examples of the inital , medial and final forms of each letter as far as possible.
Lets make some words using the above . Have a go at reading them.
Here are the answers.